The relative importance of race and shared knowledge in categorization


In this study we investigate whether children pay more attention to the race or the behavior of the other person when trying to make judgments about their group membership.

In the next study, we wanted to test whether children rather categorize others based on the conventionality of behavior than skin color. We modified the above described method in a way that children saw two different people in the first part: a Japanese girl, who performed all actions in accordance with Hungarian customs and a Caucasion girl, who nonetheless deviated from these norms. Thus, our question was which cue children would use to predict the language of the people appearing in the demonstration: race or behavior?


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