Ágoston Galambos

PhD student

My research is mainly focused on how different social stimuli affect (overt or covert) behavior. Currently, our studies are targeted at the following topics.
Face perception: how do we process faces, these socially extremely salient stimuli? Is face-processing special, i.e. does it differ from how we perceive other visual objects? In this study, we measure the scanning pattern of children and adults, using eye-tracking method, on a diverse set of photographs. These pictures are of various types (faces, cars, trees, houses) and orientations (upright, inverted), and they are special in the sense that they have been vertically cut, so half of the pictures are „missing”. Thus, we are able to gather data on the so-called complementary eye-movements. Our goal is to better understand the hypothesized face-specificity effect, and the context-sensitivity of face processing.
Helping behavior: in these studies, we are comparing the influence of positive vs. negative social stimulation on the helping tendency of children and pet dogs. Following emotional presensitisation, helping behavior in a playful scenario was coded. Our main research questions were: are there differences between the amount of helping after positive and negative social experiences; between how children and dogs are influenced by the affective tone of the interaction?
In another study using similar experimental manipulation, we tested the relationship of sleep parameters and the emotional tone of the preceding social experience in dogs. We were able to conclude that there are, in fact, qualitative and quantitative differences in dogs’ sleep as a function of the social interaction.
We are also interested in the effect that the mere presence of a social partner may have on our behavior. In a current study, using multiple object tracking paradigm, we attempt to find answers for questions such as: is performance in a multiple object tracking test affected by the fact that we are seated next to another person doing the same task?
Our planned event-related potential (ERP) study is targeted at the special intonation pattern that is characteristic of infant-directed (motherese) speech. We are trying to grasp the function of the nonverbal properties of said „language”, and to gauge its differences from adult-directed talk, and its putative similarities to dog-directed speech.

Publications

Contact

ELTE Babalabor
1064 Budapest, Izabella street 46.
(+36) 1 461 4100

Júlia Baross
(+36) 30 601 41 96

elte.babalabor@gmail.com